Voluntary Classification Settlement Program

Expansion and Temporary Changes

The Internal Revenue Service has recently issued guidance expanding eligibility for taxpayers to qualify for the Voluntary Classification Settlement Program (VCSP). In addition to the expanded qualification guidelines, the IRS is temporarily removing a key requirement for acceptance into the program that could provide many employers with a valuable opportunity to reclassify its workers with very limited federal employment tax liability for prior nonemployee treatment. The temporary relief is associated with taxpayers who have failed to properly issue 1099’s to their workers.

The VCSP has been critical given the aggressive nature of worker reclassification at the state level. Many states are seeking to close the gap on unemployment benefit contributions paid by employers versus unemployment benefit payments paid to workers. As the states have had to borrow from the federal government, they have many times incurred additional costs and interest to do so. Several states have increased program activity associated with the recharacterization of 1099 workers to employees. Of course, the contributions to the state unemployment office for re-characterization may not be terribly burdensome, but recharacterization by the IRS becomes much more likely after a state audit and paying inappropriately withheld income taxes, Social Security and Medicare taxes, may very well be too burdensome for the average small business.

The objective of the IRS as set forth in Announcement 2012-45 is to “facilitate voluntary resolution of worker classification issues and achieve the benefits of increased tax compliance and certainty for taxpayers, workers and the government.” In order to expand the program, the IRS has modified it by adjusting the following items:

1) The IRS will now permit a taxpayer under IRS audit, other than an employment tax audit, to be eligible to participate;

2) Clarified guidance that a member of an affiliated group is not eligible to participate in the program if any member of the affiliated group is under an employment tax audit by the IRS;

3) Clarified that a taxpayer is not eligible to participate in the VCSP if the taxpayer is contesting in court the classification of the class or classes of workers from a previous audit by the IRS or Department of Labor; and

4) Eliminated the requirement that a taxpayer agree to extend the period of limitations on assessment of employment taxes as part of the VCSP closing agreement with the IRS.

IRS Announcement 2012-46 temporarily expands eligibility for the program until June 30, 2013. One of the requirements of the existing program is that all 1099s were to have been properly filed for the previous three years with respect to the workers to be reclassified. Many times, this prohibited the taxpayer from qualifying for the program. As such, the IRS will temporarily eliminate this requirement and allow taxpayers who have not complied with 1099 filing requirements to qualify for the program.

If the taxpayer qualifies but is not compliant with 1099 requirements, the taxpayer will pay a greatly reduced employment tax liability for reclassified workers based on the prior year’s compensation. Additionally, the taxpayer will pay a reduced penalty for unfiled Forms 1099 for the prior three years with respect to the workers being reclassified. There will not be any interest or penalties otherwise calculated.

The potential savings from this program along with the certainty it provides are well worth the effort to explore whether or not the taxpayer qualifies. If you require any assistance with a review or submission of an application for the VCSP please do not hesitate to contact our office.